The future indicative tense in Portuguese is not used as often as in English, and is commonly substituted by the present tense. It is used to express an action that hasn't happened yet but will happen at some point, and corresponds to the English will or shall.
The future tense in Portuguese in the indicative mood is formed by adding the following endings to the infinitive of any verb:
Personal Pronoun Endings Example: comer (to eat) eu + -ei comerei = I will eat tu + -ás comerás = you will eat ele / ela, você + -á comerá = he will eat, etc. nós + -emos comeremos = we will eat eles / elas, vocês + -ão comerão = they will eat, etc.
eg. Compraremos a casa. = We will buy the house.
There are also three irregular verbs in forming the future tense:
In spoken Portuguese, the more commonly used future tense is the immediate future and is formed by:
eg. Vou dizer o discurso. (I am going to say the speech.) / Nós vamos comprar a casa. (We are going to buy the house.)
The future subjunctive in Portuguese is used when referring to hypothetical and uncertain actions in the future. It follows after conjunctions such as quando (when), se (if), assim que / logo que (as soon as), enquanto (as long as, while), conforme (depending on), and others.
The future tense in Portuguese in the subjunctive mood is formed by adding the following endings onto the stem of the third person plural of the preterite indicative for both regular and irregular verbs:
Personal Pronoun Endings Example: comer (to eat) → eles comeram (they ate) → replace -am eu no ending comer - eg. Quando comer... (When I eat...) tu + -es comeres ele / ela, você no ending comer nós + -mos comermos eles / elas, vocês + -em comerem - eg. Logo que comerem... (As soon as they eat...)
The conditional tense in Portuguese is frequently used when politely asking for something, expressing wants, making suggestions and for actions that are not likely to happen. In English, it is expressed by using would or should.
The conditional of would in Portuguese is conjugated by adding the following endings to the infinitive of any verb:
Personal Pronoun Endings Example: comer (to eat) eu + -ia comeria = I would eat tu + -ias comerias = you would eat ele / ela, você + -ia comeria = he would eat, etc. nós + -íamos comeríamos = we would eat eles / elas, vocês + -iam comeriam = they would eat, etc.
eg. Compraríamos a casa, mas... (We would buy the house, but...)
As with future tense, there are also the same three irregular verbs in forming the conditional tense:
The conditional tense can be substituted by using the imperfect tense.
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